Vocational and Technical Education
The Ministry of Vocational and Technical Education is entrusted with formulation of policies on TVET and implementation of such policies through its implementation arms TVEC, HRDC, NITE, DTET, VTA, NAITA, CITA, INGRIN Institute of Printing, NIBM, CGTTI, HRDC and CITI.
Those who are not admitted to the Universities, and those who have studied up to the GCE A/L and O/L exam, can either enter vocational technical training centres or be employed in private companies or in government departments as apprentices or trainees. They can also pursue higher education as external students of traditional universities or at the Open university of Sri Lanka. The Open University of Sri Lanka was established in the early 1980’s with the idea of conferring degrees and diplomas to the working population who can do part-time studies by paying tuition fees.
Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission
Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission (TVEC) is the apex statutory body in vocational education and training in Sri Lanka functioning under the Ministry of Vocational and Technical Education. Its main responsibilities are the planning, co-ordination and development of tertiary and vocational education. Its functions include preparation of policies and plans, maintenance of a national accreditation and certification system, maintenance of Labour Market Information and assistance and guidance to Tertiary and Vocational educational institutes and development of core curricula. TVEC is the regulatory body for all aspects of implementation of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Sri Lanka. TVEC has outlined the key policies and operational features of the National Vocational Qualifications Systems in Sri Lanka (NVQSL).
The NVQSL provides the opportunity for sustainable, strategic solutions for national training needs and it will easily be able to achieve international recognition for qualifications, skills and knowledge of Sri Lankan workers in an increasing competitive global environment. There are seven levels of qualifications from Level 1 to Level 7. National Certificate for Level 1 is recognizing the acquisition of a core of entry level skills. National Certificate for Level 2, 3 and 4 is recognizing the increasing levels of competencies. Level 4 qualification awards for full national craftsmanship. Level 5 and 6 is a National Diploma and it recognizes the increasing levels of competencies ranging from technical level to management level. Level 7 is a Bachelors Degree or equivalent. Certification of these levels are carried out by the institutions accredited by the TVEC and they are nationally recognized.
Accredited and Registered Training Institutes:
The Skills Development Project
The Skills Development Project has been set up with the main objective, to improve the quality and relevance of technical education and vocational training systems. The project is implemented under the ministry with funding assistance from the Asian Development Bank.
National Institute of Technical Education of Sri Lanka (NITESL)
NITESL is the lead body functioning under the Ministry of Skills Development, Vocational and Technical Education that is mainly responsible for teacher training, curriculum development and teaching aid and material development. NITESL comes under the ministry.
NITESL was established with the task of improving both quantitative and qualitative aspects of Technical Education and Vocational Training in Sri Lanka. Objectives of NITESL are as follows: conducting pre-service and in-service technical teacher training programmes; developing computer-based and audio-visual learning aids and instructional materials; developing curricula for the technical education and vocational training programmes; training managerial staff and non-academic staff of the tertiary and vocational education sector; conducting skills development training programmes for academic staff in technical colleges and other training organisations; providing consultancy services on request for the state and non-governmental organisations; conducting research and development activities for TVET system; developing linkages between similar institutes at national and international levels.
Services Provided by TVEC
- Develop and Publish Vocational Education and Training (VET)Plans for different industry sectors.
- Provide Financial grants to develop training programmes based on priorities identified in VET Plans.
- Co-ordinate the development of National Skills Standards and Endorse the National Skills Standards.
- Analyze and Publish Labour Market Information.
- Registration of Training Centers with acceptable performance.
- Accreditation of Training Course of Quality Assurance.
- Operate National Vocational Qualification Framework and awards Certificates.